Last modified: 2011-08-20 by ivan sache
Keywords: lika-senj county | licka-senjska zupanija | flower (yellow) | degenia velebitica |
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Flag of Lika-Senj County - Image by Željko Heimer, 9 January 2010
Lika-Senj County is situated in central and coastal parts of Croatia, in background of Velebit mountain range
(Lika) and coast called Croatian Coast (as opposite to Dalmatian coast further south). It is one of the less developed
counties, many parts of it being at high elevatios with little possibilities for intensive agriculture and with little developed
coast. The County also includes the northern part of the island of Pag. Moreover, the County includes several national parks and nature protected areas, the most well-known being the Plitvice Lakes and Velebit Mountains. Also, several imortant transit routes are going through it.
Inner parts of the County were historically parts of the Military Border, the bulwark against the Turks, when considerable number of Serbs inhabited it. After the declaration of independence, the Serbian separatists proclaimed the Republic of Serbian Krajina in the eastern parts of the County and held it occupied until 1995 (as the beggining of the uprising are counted the incidents around Plitvice Lakes). The County capital is Gospić, therefore Lika-Senj County is one of the few counties whose name does not contain the name of the capital.
Željko Heimer, 25 May 2000
The symbols of Lika-Senj County are prescribed by Decision Odluka o grbu i zastavi Ličko-senjske županije, published on 22 December 1995 in the County official gazette Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 11.
The 1995 Decision was amended by Decision Odluka o izmjenama i dopunama Odluke o grbu i zastavi Ličko-senjske županije, adopted by the County Assembly on 25 September 2009 and published the same day in Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 16. The consolidated Decision, including all the amendments, Odluka o grbu i zastavi Ličko-senjske županije (pročišćeni tekst), was adopted by the County Assembly on 11 November 2009 and published on 20 November 2009 in Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 21.
The 1997 consolidated Statutes Statut Ličko-senjske županije (pročišćeni tekst), published on 26 June 1997 in Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 5, do not include a description of the symbols. They appear in the 2001 Statutes Statut Ličko-senjske županije, published on 27 September 2001 in Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 16, and in the most recent Statutes, Statut Ličko-senjske županije, published on 27 July 2009 in Županijski glasnik Županije Ličko-senjske, No. 11.
Article 8 of the Decision prescribes the flag as white with blue stripes along the upper and lower edges, and with the coat of arms bordered golden in the middle. The flag has proportions 1:2.
The symbols were designed by the Heraldic Art d.o.o. company from Rijeka.
Željko Heimer, 9 January 2010
Coat of arms of Lika-Senj County - Image by Željko Heimer, 21 October 2007
Article 5 of the aforementioned Decision prescribes the coat of arms of Lika-Senj County as "Azure a degenia flower or". The flower (Degenia velebitica), endemic of the region, is a very delicate small yellow flower with four petals.
Željko Heimer, 1 November 2007
Ceremonial flag of Lika-Senj County - Image reconstructed from the written description by Željko Heimer, 21 October 2007
Article 9 of the aforementioned Decision prescribes the ceremonial flag of Lika-Senj County as dark blue with a golden bordered coat of arms in the middle, the name of the county inscribed above and ornament of branches of olive, oak and vine trees in three tongues at the lower edge. The olive, oak and vine in the gonfalon are symbols of welfare and fertility, of power and wisdom, and of life and immortality, respectivly.
Željko Heimer, 25 May 2000
Reported flag of Lika-Senj County - Image by Željko Heimer, 21 June 1999
A light blue flag with the County's coat of arms in the middle was seen used by the County in official ceremonies several times on TV footages, at least since 1996. This was most probably an early flag proposal not acceptable by the Ministry of Administration (monochromous).
Željko Heimer, 21 June 1999